China Sport Show
Congress & Board Meetings
Committee Meetings
Location:主页 > Events > Forum >

Mr. Yang Hua make a speech on China Youth Sports Forum 2017

Source:CHINA SPORTING GOODS FEDERATIONRelease time:2017-07-18Clicks:

  深化青少年体育改革 促进青少年身心健康 体魄强健

  杨桦 原北京体育大学党委书记、校长,博士生导师、教授

  Carrying Adolescent sports Reform Further and Promoting the Physical and Mental Health of Adolescents

  Yang Hua, Former Party Secretary, President, Doctoral Supervisor & Professor of Beijing Sport University


  I have been engaged in education for many years. Now, I would like to update you about my experience in education, especially in adolescent sports. My speech includes three parts. In the first part, I will make a brief introduction so that all of us can fully understand the importance and value of adolescent sports. Time permitting, I will talk about countermeasures and ideas.


  First and foremost, sports are the product of social development of human beings. The history of sports development in modern China may be familiar to everyone. Liu Changchun’s participating in the Olympic Games in 1932, “Ping-pong Diplomacy” that marked an ice-thawing process in Sino-American relations as well as China’s ranking the top of the Olympic gold medal list in 2008 for the first time, have all witnessed our country’s great progress, in which the progress of adolescents is significant. From the perspective of national strategy, sports are of significance in three aspects – inspiring national spirit, demonstrating the image of a great power and promoting communications. General Secretary Xi Jinping has made a comprehensive description of the status and value of sports, emphasizing the irreplaceable role of sports in promoting people’s all-round development. The essence and core value of sports lie in education. As a platform for and embodiment of the integration of sports and education, adolescent sports should weigh more significantly. Adolescent sports are important propositions that promote the return of schools to the nature of education in a bid to facilitate students’ all-round development. The main purpose is to return sports to the origin of education. From the revival of modern Olympics, the creation of the Olympic Games, to the original intention of the Olympic Games, sports have been acting as a method to educate and unite the majority of adolescents. As the starting point and perquisite of education, sports play an irreplaceable role in improving personality. Apart from Cai Yuanpei, China’s famous educator, Aristotle, the ancient Greek philosopher and others, all commented that sports were very important in people’s moral, intellectual and physical development.


  Sports function uniquely in enhancing the overall development of people. People’s morality governs intelligence while the latter forms the basis of the former, however, it is sports that serve as the carrier for the development of the two. In The Study of Physical Education, Chairman Mao stated that human body was the carrier of knowledge and warehouse of morality. Furthermore, the statement that sports could help people enhance their physical fitness, thus enabling them to learn more and manage their emotions.


  Secondly, strengthening adolescent sports is the foundation and guarantee for China to improve its international competitiveness and achieve the Two Centenary Goals. People are the most revolutionary and active factor in productivity. In the increasingly fierce international competitions, all countries, without exception, putting fully improving the quality of people and enhancing the competitiveness of talents high on their national agenda. The first priority should be whether adolescents are strong or weak, which is the primary factor affecting our national strategy and talent competitiveness. Japan launched the Healthy Japan 21 Project-National Health Promotion in the 21 Century ( “Healthy Japan 21” for short), in which adolescent sports and health were involved in a number of terms. So did the Healthy People Program, which was launched by the United States.


  Internationally speaking, we must focus on the development of adolescent sports, promote the physical and mental health of adolescents, and continuously improve China’s international competitiveness for the sake of our national strategy. Domestically speaking, General Secretary Xi has made a call that “China will be strong if the young are strong”. Adolescents should become strong in many aspects, including morality, academic performances, innovation abilities, practice abilities as well as physical health and sports spirit. The physical and mental health of adolescents is a significant symbol measuring the vitality of a nation, performing as an embodiment of a country’s existing and potential comprehensive strength and an important force for achieving the Two Centenary Goals and the Chinese Dream. We must improve the awareness of crisis and hardships, insist on starting from schools and children, constantly carry the adolescent sports reform further, and thus make adolescents physically and mentally stronger and healthier.


  Thirdly, adolescent sports are a key point for developing people-satisfied education and for promoting sports in a great power. The development of adolescent sports is a breakthrough in achieving people-satisfied education. The 18th Party Congress of the Communist Party of China has made a comprehensive plan for China’s education. From the perspective of putting people first and improving people’s livelihood, we should consider promoting the overall development of people and adapting to social needs as the fundamental criterion for measuring the quality of education, and we should consider promoting the healthy growth of students as the purpose of education. We should keep in mind that adolescent sports must be emphasized and placed in a more prominent position, and thus the reform of adolescent sports will be pushed forward.


  The development of adolescent sports is an important foundation for promoting sports in a great power. Our country has had very good experience in facilitating the fusion of adolescents sports and competitive sports from a independent situation Since 1950s, we have popularized and improved sports and realized the establishment of a set of three-level amateur training network. In addition, there have been a lot of special sports and traditional sports. As far as I am concerned, although these practices were products under our highly centralized planed economy, I still think that they have played an irreplaceable role in the development of sports since the founding of the PRC, especially for the advance of our adolescent sports. I suggest that we should think about the relationship between inheritance and development at present and in the future. Today, when talking about adolescent sports, some people may speak of the conflicts between sports and culture, and may believe that learning and sports seem to have no connection with each other at all. Taking European countries and America as an example, we can find that sports and cultural education have always been integrated when a country makes social progress to a certain degree. Furthermore, sports are indispensible to a cultural education system which is well-developed, advanced and scientific in nature.


  Adolescent sports are a cradle for cultivating reserve sports talents. When talking about the problems existing in adolescent sports, especially in our current school education, be it at political consultative conferences, in my proposals, in my articles, or in general discussions, I put forward my ideas for many times. I think that the goal – “China will be strong if the young are strong” – may be more far away to reach if our school education will still be like what exist at present and if such a set of education system will still be in practice from early childhood education to primary, secondary and senior high school.


  The development of adolescent sports lays a solid foundation for promoting sports in a great power. In western developed countries, the model of training reserve talents for competitive sports is based on the market and supplemented by the government. In addition, adolescent sports shoulder the responsibility of improving the health of students, cultivating good moral characters, and helping them establish the concept of lifelong physical exercise. As adolescent sports are systematic, coherent and adjustable, they weight a lot both in national fitness and the implementation of national strategy. From the point of population distribution of age, today China embraces more than 400 million adolescents in schools, which does not include the number of infants and children under the age of four or five. Adolescents sports should be given a priority to by our country and should be considered as paramount in the process of rejuvenation.



  II. Status and problems of China’s adolescent sports development

  2014 marked the year for building national adolescent sports system, during which Monitoring and Evaluation Methods on Physical Health of Students, Assessment Methods on Sport in Primary and Middle Schools and Methods on the Annual Report of School Sport were issued by Ministry of Education. In 2015, the Overall Plan of the Reform and Development of Chinese Football was lunched, aiming to further reform and promote the development of campus football and school sports. In 2016, Adolescent sports in the 13th Five-Year Plan Period was proposed, emphasizing that we should strengthen adolescent sports, improve its public service system and enhance the cultivation of reserve competitive talents.


  Status and main problems are as follows. To begin with, adolescent sports have not received as much attention as it should. It is still “important when being talked about, less important when being implemented, and unnecessary when people are busy”. Moreover, adolescent sports are lacking in enthusiasm, the construction of security facilities and attraction. At present, sports facilities and equipment configuration in more than 60% of our schools does not meet national standards and requirements, which results in the difficult implementation of school sports. Our personnel, especially those from Beijing and Shanghai, have conducted surveys and investigations for four consecutive years. According to the results, currently 60% of students have no access to sports conditions in their living environment. Good sports conditions generally exist in large cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen, or in medium-sized cities and provincial capitals. China has a population of 1.4 billion, in which 60%-70% live in rural and remote areas.


  On rest days and holidays, less than 30% of students go out for sports, and the ratios of students who exercise for two or three hours a day are only 6.3% and 1.3% respectively. On weekdays, only 8% of junior high school students and 10.5% of senior high school students participate in extracurricular activities, and the ratios of students who exercise for two or three hours a day are both 21.3% only. In Japan, on weekdays, 65.4% of junior high school students and 34.5% of senior high school students participate in extracurricular activities; as for the United States, those figures are 62.8% and 53.3% respectively. For students of grade 5 to grade 12 in the United States, the average time of extracurricular activities is 12.6 hours a week, and the average time of PE classes is 2.35 hours a week. Student sports are mainly outdoor activities. Third, the downward trend in the physical health of students has not been fundamentally reversed. The statement that “within five years or so, our adolescents should generally meet the basic requirements of national physical health; their endurance, strength, speed and other fitness indicators will be greatly improved while malnutrition, obesity and myopia should be significantly reduced” has been stipulated in the No. 7 Central Document issued in 2007. The obesity rate of China’s urban and rural students has exceeded 10%, which is the “critical point of safety” announced by the World Health Organization. The proportion of China’s adolescents who wear glasses is high, and their age tends to be lower. Today, when you have a look at any school, you may be overwhelmed by the scene that almost all of students are wearing glasses, which has impressed me a lot. I have once said that if over 10,000 students apply for joining air force and over 1,000 students will be selected, then more than 900 out of the selected ones may need wearing glasses. Furthermore, when our soldiers use weapons and aim at targets, will they need wearing glasses? Otherwise, it’s another story.


  The elderly are exercising, and middle-aged people are awakening while adolescents are sleeping. 20 students from a middle school once participated in sports test, however more than a half of them were unable to complete a pull-up. In juvenile football game in 2011, China’s primary school students had obvious advantage in height, but they met their Waterloo twice due to insufficient physical strength. One more example, once students mainly from China, Japan and South Korea participated in a mountaineering activity. Each team had about 15 to 20 students. The first team climbing to the mountaintop is the South Korean team, followed by the Japanese team. When the Chinese team arrived, team members put down their bags and lay on the ground, totally losing energy for playing around.


  To carry adolescent sports reform further and promote the comprehensive development of adolescents, we should make avail of the historical opportunities, improve our awareness, innovate mechanisms, and promote the scientific development of adolescent sports, thus putting all policies formulated by the Party and the government on developing adolescent sports and promoting the healthy growth of adolescents into practice. The overall ideas and goals are as follows. To start with, define the overall ideas and goals of developing adolescent sports. Furthermore, respond to national fitness strategy, and up adolescent sports to a new level. Third, focus on the design of the key point for adolescent sports, and promote the scientific development of adolescent sports. Fourth, actively seize the historical opportunity of football reform, and promote the steady development of the whole adolescent sports through campus football. Please note that this does not mean only football rather than other campus sports will be developed. I have heard of the practices implemented in many places and schools. They put aside some traditional sports that are loved by children and adolescents, and make full efforts to develop football. If so, they must misunderstand instructions of central government. Fifth, vigorously develop adolescent sports clubs and other social organizations so as to provide a broader stage for the development of adolescent sports. I totally agree with what Director Liu has said. We should strive to develop social organizations for adolescents. In European countries and America, sports organizations and social organizations for students are prosperous, just like blood capillaries in our bodies. In neighboring Japan, there are a lot of sound sports activities and organizations for adolescents. Every day after school, each child can find their favorite club, including returning to their own communities and streets to look for fitness places. On weekends, primary and middle school students have various games. The whole family of a participant will go together. Some activities must be participated in by the whole family, and some activities are taken part in by children and supported by family members. So, their adolescent sports education and extracurricular sports management are well performed.


  Physical education is not only an important part of China’s education but also a necessary foundation for the development of sports in China. The more solid the foundation, the more prosperous China’s sports will be. Actively developing adolescent sports not only is conducive to the physical health of adolescents but also can enhance the fitness of the whole nation. It is the only way to realize the dream of a sports power. We should understand and further the importance and urgency of adolescent sports reform from a strategic perspective, actively interact with the comprehensive reform in the fields of education and sports, follow the long-term development trends and overall ideas of China’s education and sports, explore ways to establish a new system of adolescent sports education which fits the needs of modern social development, and carry out adolescent sports education with new ideas and new initiatives at a new height.


  Thank you!

Copyright ©2013-2023 CHINA SPORTING GOODS FEDERATION, All Rights Reserved ( 京ICP备05083596号-1 )